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Cooling Off and the Distance Selling Regulations

If you buy something from a business online as a consumer, you will have the same Consumer Rights Act protection as if you had walked into a shop. You will however also have additional rights and a cooling off period under the Distance Selling Regulations (DSR). These...

Proving fault in personal injury claims

Determining legal responsibility for an accident or injury (referred to as "liability") will usually depend on whether someone was careless or "negligent." It's easy enough to say that the person or business that caused an accident must pay for your injuries. But...

Money Received by Mistake

A person who receives money as the result of a mistake made by someone else is not entitled to keep the money. The position with money paid by mistake is much the same as if you find a £20 note in the street. The money received by mistake does not belong to you as it...

I have issued my Claim-What next?

Once you have issued your claim, within 14 days of receiving (being ‘served’ with) your particulars of your claim, the defendant must send to the court (called ‘filing’) either: If you issued your claim through money claim on line you will be able to access there. an...

Security for Costs

What do you do if you are served with a claim which is total nonsense? Or you issue proceedings against someone and they file a spurious counterclaim which cannot possibly be maintained. You have to deal with it and put in a defence which will cost you money and...
Drafting a Statement of Claim

Drafting a Statement of Claim

Your Particulars of Claim is the document which sets out what you are claiming and gives details of why you say you are entitled to a judgment from the court. It is sometimes called the Statement of Claim or Points of Claim which are the same thing.  The particulars...

Pre-action protocols and letters of claim

Pre-action protocols and letters of claim

Pre-action protocols are contained within the Civil Procedure Rules and set out the steps the court expect parties to take before commencing proceedings for a particular type of claim. The protocols do not have the status of court rules but should be followed whenever...

Pre-action protocols and letters of claim

Delay in Inheritance Act Applications

The Inheritance Act (or the Inheritance (Provision for Family and Dependents) Act 1975, to give it its full title) was passed to help spouses, children, civil partners, cohabitees and other surviving dependents who have been left to cope without sufficient money to...

Restraining Orders. The Facts.

Restraining orders are injunction orders made by a criminal court-usually a magistrate court-to protect the victim of criminal behavior by forbidding the perpetrator from continuing their course of action. A restraining order can be for any length of time or even run...

The Family Pets on Divorce

Lawyers will tell you that when a relationship breaks down it is usually money and children which cause the arguments. That may well be the case, but emotional issues and heated exchanges can also revolve around who is to have the family pets. Battles over with which...

Dealing with your partner on breakup

Divorce and family separation can sometimes bring out the worst in people. Some people consider that the situation in which they find themselves justifies deception and outright lies. You may need to rethink how you deal with the person you once loved (and may still...

Collaborative Divorce

Collaborative divorce is different from divorce mediation, although like mediation it is also a way for divorcing couples to settle without a court battle. In collaborative divorce each couple hires a lawyer to work with them and meet the other side in four way...

Expats and Divorce

If you are living outside of England and Wales when your marriage breaks down, the question will arise as to whether you are able to divorce in the English courts. Much the same question will have to be asked if you are from another country where you were married but...
Consent Orders

Consent Orders

A consent order is an order of the court in terms which the parties have agreed and asked the court to give legal affect. It can be applied for on divorce or dissolution of a civil partnership when financial issues are agreed between the parties. It will often...

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Dividing Property Yourself on Divorce

Dividing Property Yourself on Divorce

For most couples, splitting up your possessions is a big part of the process of getting divorced. The best way is for you and your spouse to sit down and decide together who gets what.  If you can't do that a judge will have to divide it up for you. It’s best to...

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Financial Settlements on Divorce

Financial Settlements on Divorce

Issuing a divorce petition will only result in having the marriage dissolved. The divorce action commenced with the filing of the divorce petition does not enable the court to decide financial matters which are separate and ancillary to the divorce. A further...

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Business Law

Assigning a contract

A contract is assigned when one of the parties transfers their rights and obligations under the contract to another. For the assignment of a contract to be effective however the other party to the contract must be informed and agree. Contracts are usually assigned in...

Tips when making a business agreement

When you are in business you need to know how to make a business agreement. You will be entering into business contracts and buying and selling goods and services. Well drafted business contracts prevent disputes and misunderstandings and are essential if your...

Business Disputes

Business Disputes Disputes with suppliers, customers, competitors and with partners or shareholders are an unfortunate part of business life. They are potentially expensive and time consuming and can grow out of all proportion if not managed properly. Above all they...

Is time of the essence?

When you enter into an agreement with someone to do some work for you the time to complete that work will not be 'of the essence' unless this is specified. The work must just be carried out within a reasonable time and what is a reasonable time can be open to...

Acceptance of contracts

For a contract to be legally binding there must be clear acceptance of the contract and an intention to be legally bound. The three elements of a valid contract-offer, acceptance and consideration -must be present. Unless it is shown that there was an acceptance of an...
Does an employment contract have to be in writing?

Does an employment contract have to be in writing?

An employment contract is no different from any other contract in that most do not have to be in writing to be legally valid and enforceable. If you are offered employment, accept and then start work a valid contract has been created between you and your employer even...

Pre-action protocols and letters of claim

Business Disputes

Business Disputes Disputes with suppliers, customers, competitors and with partners or shareholders are an unfortunate part of business life. They are potentially expensive and time consuming and can grow out of all proportion if not managed properly. Above all they...

Pre-action protocols and letters of claim

Freehold or Leasehold

Freehold and leasehold are two different types of property ownership in the UK. Anyone considering buying a property here will need to know the meanings of both terms, as there are considerably different obligations and privileges bestowed upon the owner in each....

Employment Law

TUPE and the Transfer of Undertakings

TUPE is shorthand for the Transfer of Undertakings (Protection of Employment) Regulations 2006. What this act does is protect employee’s rights when the business they work for is sold or transferred to a new owner. Employees of the business, when the firm changes...

Blowing the Whistle

If you believe there is malpractice or wrongdoing in your workplace, then you can ‘blow the whistle’ on the behaviour and be protected from losing your job and/or being victimised by your employer. The Public Interest Disclosure Act 1998 legislates that if you believe...

I have issued my Claim-What next?

Once you have issued your claim, within 14 days of receiving (being ‘served’ with) your particulars of your claim, the defendant must send to the court (called ‘filing’) either: If you issued your claim through money claim on line you will be able to access there. an...

Money Received by Mistake

A person who receives money as the result of a mistake made by someone else is not entitled to keep the money. The position with money paid by mistake is much the same as if you find a £20 note in the street. The money received by mistake does not belong to you as it...

Does an employment contract have to be in writing?

An employment contract is no different from any other contract in that most do not have to be in writing to be legally valid and enforceable. If you are offered employment, accept and then start work a valid contract has been created between you and your employer even...
Stress at Work

Stress at Work

Work can be stressful, but sometimes it is unduly so. Where a workload and demands placed by an employer on an employee are excessive, there is a duty upon that employer to take action to remedy the situation. If they do not do so, the employee may be entitled to...

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Lies, White Lies and Your CV

Lies, White Lies and Your CV

In a competitive jobs market, people tend to think ‘does a little white lie in my CV matter if it helps me get the job?’. The answer to this is that it very well could, and the consequences could very well be serious. Your CV may well be a critical document when the...

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Health and Safety at Work

Health and Safety at Work

The law imposes a responsibility on an employer to ensure the health and safety at work for all their employees. Much of the law regarding safety in the work place can be found in the Health & Safety At Work Act 1974. Employers have to take reasonable steps to...

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Property Law

How to Avoid (or at Least Delay) Mortgage Repossession

If you are facing repossession, realistically assess whether you are able to keep your home. When you have missed some mortgage payments, or you think you will soon, it’s time to face what’s probably the tough question: can you afford to keep your house? Apart from...

Housing Repair Claims

If you are a tenant whose landlord has failed or is refusing to carry out necessary repairs to your home having been informed of the problem your first step should be complaining to your local council. They have a statutory duty to investigate cases of disrepair and...

Obtaining Possession of Rented Property

A landlord wishing to recover possession of his property must follow the correct legal procedure. If he attempts to evict a tenant otherwise, he may be guilty of a criminal offence and could be ordered to pay substantial damages. Most private sector tenancies will be...

Private Landlords

A private landlord is any person (including a company) who rents out residential dwellings. A landlord who shares his living accommodation with a lodger is not classified as a private landlord. Repairs to rented residential property The question of who is responsible...

Property Law Covenants

Property covenants are promises that come with a property, are attached to it, and bind the present owner of the property . The most common types of covenants are restrictive covenants. A restrictive covenant is a promise attached to the land which binds the owner for...
Pre-action protocols and letters of claim

Property Law Covenants

Property covenants are promises that come with a property, are attached to it, and bind the present owner of the property . The most common types of covenants are restrictive covenants. A restrictive covenant is a promise attached to the land which binds the owner for...

Pre-action protocols and letters of claim

Part 36 and offers to Settle

Either party may offer to settle the case at any time, up until when the judge makes his ruling. The CPR encourage offers of settlement to be made, and if offers are made in accordance with the rules there can be very significant costs savings for the party making the...

Pre-action protocols and letters of claim

Public Landlords and Council Tenants

A public landlord will include local authorities, district councils and most housing associations. A council tenant will be a person who takes a tenancy from any of these. There are two main types of council tenancy: secure and introductory. Where a tenancy agreement...

Inheritance Law

Delay in Inheritance Act Applications

The Inheritance Act (or the Inheritance (Provision for Family and Dependents) Act 1975, to give it its full title) was passed to help spouses, children, civil partners, cohabitees and other surviving dependents who have been left to cope without sufficient money to...

Unclaimed Assets

At a conservative estimate, there is around £15 billion of assets left in the estates of deceased people which remains unclaimed. There may be a number of reasons for this and why it has not been possible for money to be paid to those entitled under a Will. Amongst...

Powers of Attorney

A power of attorney is simply a written confirmation of an agreed arrangement in which one person ('the donor') gives another person ('the attorney') authority to act on their behalf and in their name. The power of attorney confers upon the attorney an authority to do...

Who Can Decide Where You End Up?

Most people when making their will include a statement of their wishes as to what they would like to be done with their 'mortal remains'. They might say that they wish to be buried, cremated, or even sometimes buried at sea or to have their ashes scattered at a...

When to Change Your Will

It's time to write a new will if you're experiencing a big change in your life, such as moving, getting married or divorced, moving in with a new partner, or bringing a new baby into the family. Your will should be tailored to your current family and financial...
Joint and Mutual Wills. Pros and Cons.

Joint and Mutual Wills. Pros and Cons.

A joint Will is a single Will made by two people which deals with the estates of both of them. Usually it will leave everything to the other on the first death and then to agreed beneficiaries on the death of the survivor. Mutual or Mirror wills are where the parties...

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Who Can Decide Where You End Up?

Who Can Decide Where You End Up?

Most people when making their will include a statement of their wishes as to what they would like to be done with their 'mortal remains'. They might say that they wish to be buried, cremated, or even sometimes buried at sea or to have their ashes scattered at a...

read more
When to Change Your Will

When to Change Your Will

It's time to write a new will if you're experiencing a big change in your life, such as moving, getting married or divorced, moving in with a new partner, or bringing a new baby into the family. Your will should be tailored to your current family and financial...

read more