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The different types of bailiffs

Bailiffs can either be appointed by the court or be civilians employed by debt collection firms. These different types of bailiffs collect different types of debts and have different powers according to the type of debt being collected. County Court bailiffs are...

Housing Repair Claims

If you are a tenant whose landlord has failed or is refusing to carry out necessary repairs to your home having been informed of the problem your first step should be complaining to your local council. They have a statutory duty to investigate cases of disrepair and...

Bankruptcy and Divorce

Bankruptcy, financial difficulties, divorce and the breakdown of a marriage often run together. It is very far from unknown for one of the spouses to be facing bankruptcy at the time of a divorce. So what would be the effect of a bankruptcy order on the financial...

Complaints against the police

The police are given special powers so that they might better carry out their duties. The powers are overseen by the Independent Police Complaints Commission. However, if they exceed these powers, their actions could well be illegal and give rise to a claim in either...

The Consumer Credit Act

Legal rights are provided by the Consumer Credit Act for people who have entered into credit agreements for less than £25,000. The  Consumer Credit Act lays down strict rules about lending and borrowing money and in particular  provides: that all lenders of money are...
Drafting a Statement of Claim

Drafting a Statement of Claim

Your Particulars of Claim is the document which sets out what you are claiming and gives details of why you say you are entitled to a judgment from the court. It is sometimes called the Statement of Claim or Points of Claim which are the same thing.  The particulars...

What You should expect from your Lawyer (and what they can expect from you)

Delay in Inheritance Act Applications

The Inheritance Act (or the Inheritance (Provision for Family and Dependents) Act 1975, to give it its full title) was passed to help spouses, children, civil partners, cohabitees and other surviving dependents who have been left to cope without sufficient money to...

Divorce and the Second Wife (or Husband)

So is there life after divorce? The answer is yes, but for many this can be affected by on-going financial obligations from an earlier marriage. Statistics show that remarriage is usual and that thoughts of 'once bitten, twice shy' do not last. What will be the...

The Family Pets on Divorce

Lawyers will tell you that when a relationship breaks down it is usually money and children which cause the arguments. That may well be the case, but emotional issues and heated exchanges can also revolve around who is to have the family pets. Battles over with which...

Expats and Divorce

If you are living outside of England and Wales when your marriage breaks down, the question will arise as to whether you are able to divorce in the English courts. Much the same question will have to be asked if you are from another country where you were married but...

Family Mediation

Family mediation is a way of assisting separating or divorcing couples to resolve disputes and reach agreed decisions with a mediator in a series of mediation sessions on issues arising from the breakdown of a relationship. These could relate to children, financial...

Severing a Joint Tenancy

There are only two ways in which people can own land together. Land can be held jointly either as beneficial joint tenants or as tenants in common. Neither have anything to do with tenancies as in renting property. They are just legal terms describing how land is...
Consent Orders

Consent Orders

A consent order is an order of the court in terms which the parties have agreed and asked the court to give legal affect. It can be applied for on divorce or dissolution of a civil partnership when financial issues are agreed between the parties. It will often...

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Dividing Property Yourself on Divorce

Dividing Property Yourself on Divorce

For most couples, splitting up your possessions is a big part of the process of getting divorced. The best way is for you and your spouse to sit down and decide together who gets what.  If you can't do that a judge will have to divide it up for you. It’s best to...

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Financial Settlements on Divorce

Financial Settlements on Divorce

Issuing a divorce petition will only result in having the marriage dissolved. The divorce action commenced with the filing of the divorce petition does not enable the court to decide financial matters which are separate and ancillary to the divorce. A further...

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Business Law

Assigning a contract

A contract is assigned when one of the parties transfers their rights and obligations under the contract to another. For the assignment of a contract to be effective however the other party to the contract must be informed and agree. Contracts are usually assigned in...

Acceptance of contracts

For a contract to be legally binding there must be clear acceptance of the contract and an intention to be legally bound. The three elements of a valid contract-offer, acceptance and consideration -must be present. Unless it is shown that there was an acceptance of an...

How to prepare a witness statement

Witness statements contain the evidence in support of your case. As such your witness statement is critical and winning or losing might well turn on how witness statements are prepared. If something you wish to put before the court is not in a witness statement it...

Is time of the essence?

When you enter into an agreement with someone to do some work for you the time to complete that work will not be 'of the essence' unless this is specified. The work must just be carried out within a reasonable time and what is a reasonable time can be open to...

Misrepresentation and the Misrepresentation Act 1967

A misrepresentation is an untrue statement of fact made by one party to the other, which induces and misleads that party to enter into a contract. Misrepresentation must be of fact, not of opinion or intention. Silence in itself can be regarded as a misrepresentation....
Does an employment contract have to be in writing?

Does an employment contract have to be in writing?

An employment contract is no different from any other contract in that most do not have to be in writing to be legally valid and enforceable. If you are offered employment, accept and then start work a valid contract has been created between you and your employer even...

What You should expect from your Lawyer (and what they can expect from you)

Business Disputes

Business Disputes Disputes with suppliers, customers, competitors and with partners or shareholders are an unfortunate part of business life. They are potentially expensive and time consuming and can grow out of all proportion if not managed properly. Above all they...

What You should expect from your Lawyer (and what they can expect from you)

How to Avoid (or at Least Delay) Mortgage Repossession

If you are facing repossession, realistically assess whether you are able to keep your home. When you have missed some mortgage payments, or you think you will soon, it’s time to face what’s probably the tough question: can you afford to keep your house? Apart from...

Employment Law

Statutory Redundancy Payments

What do you do if your employer closes down, you are made redundant, and your employer either can’t or won’t pay you the redundancy pay that you’re owed? In these circumstances you can apply to the National Insurance Fund to pay either the whole or part of the...

Lies, White Lies and Your CV

In a competitive jobs market, people tend to think ‘does a little white lie in my CV matter if it helps me get the job?’. The answer to this is that it very well could, and the consequences could very well be serious. Your CV may well be a critical document when the...

Money Received by Mistake

A person who receives money as the result of a mistake made by someone else is not entitled to keep the money. The position with money paid by mistake is much the same as if you find a £20 note in the street. The money received by mistake does not belong to you as it...

I have issued my Claim-What next?

Once you have issued your claim, within 14 days of receiving (being ‘served’ with) your particulars of your claim, the defendant must send to the court (called ‘filing’) either: If you issued your claim through money claim on line you will be able to access there. an...

Blowing the Whistle

If you believe there is malpractice or wrongdoing in your workplace, then you can ‘blow the whistle’ on the behaviour and be protected from losing your job and/or being victimised by your employer. The Public Interest Disclosure Act 1998 legislates that if you believe...
Stress at Work

Stress at Work

Work can be stressful, but sometimes it is unduly so. Where a workload and demands placed by an employer on an employee are excessive, there is a duty upon that employer to take action to remedy the situation. If they do not do so, the employee may be entitled to...

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Lies, White Lies and Your CV

Lies, White Lies and Your CV

In a competitive jobs market, people tend to think ‘does a little white lie in my CV matter if it helps me get the job?’. The answer to this is that it very well could, and the consequences could very well be serious. Your CV may well be a critical document when the...

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Health and Safety at Work

Health and Safety at Work

The law imposes a responsibility on an employer to ensure the health and safety at work for all their employees. Much of the law regarding safety in the work place can be found in the Health & Safety At Work Act 1974. Employers have to take reasonable steps to...

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Property Law

Tenancy Deposit Protection Scheme

Landlords or their agents who take a deposit from a tenant must have that deposit protected under one of two schemes: A custodial scheme - this is where the deposit is held in an approved scheme during the deposit, and will continue to be held if any legal dispute...

Freehold or Leasehold

Freehold and leasehold are two different types of property ownership in the UK. Anyone considering buying a property here will need to know the meanings of both terms, as there are considerably different obligations and privileges bestowed upon the owner in each....

Obtaining Possession of Rented Property

A landlord wishing to recover possession of his property must follow the correct legal procedure. If he attempts to evict a tenant otherwise, he may be guilty of a criminal offence and could be ordered to pay substantial damages. Most private sector tenancies will be...

Public Landlords and Council Tenants

A public landlord will include local authorities, district councils and most housing associations. A council tenant will be a person who takes a tenancy from any of these. There are two main types of council tenancy: secure and introductory. Where a tenancy agreement...

Abandoned Goods

What are you to do if someone has left their property with you or on your premises and do not remove it although you have asked them to do so? This is a problem often facing landlords when a tenant moves out leaving some of their possessions behind, although it can...
What You should expect from your Lawyer (and what they can expect from you)

Property Law Covenants

Property covenants are promises that come with a property, are attached to it, and bind the present owner of the property . The most common types of covenants are restrictive covenants. A restrictive covenant is a promise attached to the land which binds the owner for...

Litigant in Person’s Costs

Litigant in Person’s Costs

A litigant in person is entitled to their legal costs under CPR 46.5 as a litigant in person much as as a litigant represented by a solicitor or barrister is entitled to the costs of representation. Costs can be claimed by a litigant in person for work carried out...

What You should expect from your Lawyer (and what they can expect from you)

Public Landlords and Council Tenants

A public landlord will include local authorities, district councils and most housing associations. A council tenant will be a person who takes a tenancy from any of these. There are two main types of council tenancy: secure and introductory. Where a tenancy agreement...

Inheritance Law

When to Change Your Will

It's time to write a new will if you're experiencing a big change in your life, such as moving, getting married or divorced, moving in with a new partner, or bringing a new baby into the family. Your will should be tailored to your current family and financial...

Who Can Decide Where You End Up?

Most people when making their will include a statement of their wishes as to what they would like to be done with their 'mortal remains'. They might say that they wish to be buried, cremated, or even sometimes buried at sea or to have their ashes scattered at a...

Matrimonial Claims and Inheritance

What happens with money or property which has been inherited by one of the parties when they divorce can give rise to uncertainty and very often bad feeling. Will it be matrimonial property falling into the part for division? The answer is that there are no clearly...

What is probate?

When a person dies somebody has to deal with their estate (the money, property and possessions left) by collecting in all the money, paying any debts and distributing the estate to those people entitled to it. The term 'probate' means the issuing of a legal document...

Intestacy and who inherits where there is no will

If you die without making a will, your estate will pass and  be administered according to the intestacy rules, which decide who gets what rather than you. These rules are set out in the Administration of Estates Act 1925, which was amended by the Inheritance and...
Joint and Mutual Wills. Pros and Cons.

Joint and Mutual Wills. Pros and Cons.

A joint Will is a single Will made by two people which deals with the estates of both of them. Usually it will leave everything to the other on the first death and then to agreed beneficiaries on the death of the survivor. Mutual or Mirror wills are where the parties...

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Who Can Decide Where You End Up?

Who Can Decide Where You End Up?

Most people when making their will include a statement of their wishes as to what they would like to be done with their 'mortal remains'. They might say that they wish to be buried, cremated, or even sometimes buried at sea or to have their ashes scattered at a...

read more
When to Change Your Will

When to Change Your Will

It's time to write a new will if you're experiencing a big change in your life, such as moving, getting married or divorced, moving in with a new partner, or bringing a new baby into the family. Your will should be tailored to your current family and financial...

read more

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