Free Legal Information

The legal information you need.

The different types of bailiffs

Bailiffs can either be appointed by the court or be civilians employed by debt collection firms. These different types of bailiffs collect different types of debts and have different powers according to the type of debt being collected. County Court bailiffs are...

Money Received by Mistake

A person who receives money as the result of a mistake made by someone else is not entitled to keep the money. The position with money paid by mistake is much the same as if you find a £20 note in the street. The money received by mistake does not belong to you as it...

Litigant in Person Costs

A litigant in person is entitled to their legal costs under CPR 46.5 as a litigant in person much as as a litigant represented by a solicitor or barrister is entitled to the costs of representation. Costs can be claimed by a litigant in person for work carried out...

Interest on business debts

If you are in business and are owed money by another business as a business debt you are entitled to interest on the debt and amount owed. The Late Payment of Commercial Debts Act 1998 (as amended by the Late Payment of Commercial Debts Regulations 2002) give you a...

Proving fault in personal injury claims

Determining legal responsibility for an accident or injury (referred to as "liability") will usually depend on whether someone was careless or "negligent." It's easy enough to say that the person or business that caused an accident must pay for your injuries. But...
Drafting a Statement of Claim

Drafting a Statement of Claim

Drafting a Statement of Claim  Your Statement of Claim or Particulars of Claim is the document which sets out what you are claiming and gives details of why you say you are entitled to a judgment from the court. It is sometimes called the Statement of Claim or Points...

Enforcement of Judgment

Enforcement of Judgment

If you have obtained your court judgment and it has not been paid as ordered by the court it will be down to you to enforce payment. There are a number of ways in which the Court can enforce judgment, but you have to take the initiative. Enforcement of judgment does...

Enforcement of Judgment

Delay in Inheritance Act Applications

The Inheritance Act (or the Inheritance (Provision for Family and Dependents) Act 1975, to give it its full title) was passed to help spouses, children, civil partners, cohabitees and other surviving dependents who have been left to cope without sufficient money to...

Hidden Assets and Divorce

Full disclosure of all matrimonial assets by both parties is a basic principle of divorce. It has to be known what is in the pot before it can be divided up fairly. Accordingly it is very far from unknown for a spouse to hide some of his or her assets and by not...

Defending a Divorce

Defended Divorce It is possible to defend a divorce petition but only just. You may wish to do so because you genuinely believe that the marriage has not broken down beyond repair and can be saved, or entering a defence may be a tactical move connected with financial...

Freezing Orders

Freezing Injunctions On the breakdown of a marriage or civil partnership, a freezing order can be made to prevent one party from disposing of assets before the financial issues have been resolved in order to reduce what the other party might receive as a settlement....

Should you go for a DIY Divorce

How practical is a DIY Divorce? Would money saved now by doing your own divorce cost you heavily later on? For most people the answer is that a Do It Yourself Divorce is quite possible especially if: • You and your spouse have agreed everything. This will include...

Divorce and the Second Wife (or Husband)

Life after divorce? So is there life after divorce? The answer is yes, but for many this can be affected by on-going financial obligations from an earlier marriage. Statistics show that remarriage is usual and that thoughts of 'once bitten, twice shy' do not last....
Separation agreements

Separation agreements

The purpose of a separation agreement The purpose of a separation agreement is to make absolutely clear what was agreed by spouses when they decided to live apart. This prevents future disputes and arguments. The terms agreed in a separation agreement will always be...

read more
What You should expect from your Lawyer

What You should expect from your Lawyer

A lawyer is a professional person from whom you are entitled to a quality service. You should be able to expect at the very least the following from him or her Competence. There will never be a guarantee that your lawyer will win your case or succeed in obtaining your...

read more
Consent Orders

Consent Orders

Consent Order A consent order (purchase here) is an order of the court in terms which the parties have agreed and asked the court to give legal affect. It can be applied for on divorce or dissolution of a civil partnership when financial issues are agreed between the...

read more

Business Law

Assigning a contract

A contract is assigned when one of the parties transfers their rights and obligations under the contract to another. For the assignment of a contract to be effective however the other party to the contract must be informed and agree. Contracts are usually assigned in...

Tips when making a business agreement

When you are in business you need to know how to make a business agreement. You will be entering into business contracts and buying and selling goods and services. Well drafted business contracts prevent disputes and misunderstandings and are essential if your...

How to prepare a witness statement

Witness statement A witness statement contain the evidence in support of your case. As such your witness statement is critical and winning or losing might well turn on how witness statements are prepared. If something you wish to put before the court is not in a...

Misrepresentation and the Misrepresentation Act 1967

What is a misrepresentation A misrepresentation is an untrue statement of fact made by one party to the other, which induces and misleads that party to enter into a contract. Misrepresentation must be of fact, not of opinion or intention. Silence in itself can be...

Acceptance of contracts

For a contract to be legally binding there must be clear acceptance of the contract and an intention to be legally bound. The three elements of a valid contract-offer, acceptance and consideration -must be present. Unless it is shown that there was an acceptance of an...
Does an employment contract have to be in writing?

Does an employment contract have to be in writing?

An employment contract is no different from any other contract in that most do not have to be in writing to be legally valid and enforceable. If you are offered employment, accept and then start work a valid contract has been created between you and your employer even...

Enforcement of Judgment

Business Disputes

Business Disputes Disputes with suppliers, customers, competitors and with partners or shareholders are an unfortunate part of business life. They are potentially expensive and time consuming and can grow out of all proportion if not managed properly. Above all they...

Enforcement of Judgment

Freehold or Leasehold

Freehold and leasehold are two different types of property ownership in the UK. Anyone considering buying a property here will need to know the meanings of both terms, as there are considerably different obligations and privileges bestowed upon the owner in each....

Employment Law

Constructive Dismissal

Constructive dismissal is defined in the Employment Rights Act 1996 as where: 'The employee terminates the contract under which he is employed (with or without notice), in circumstances in which he is entitled to terminate it without notice by reason of the employer’s...

Professional Negligence

'Every person who enters into a learned profession undertakes to bring to the exercise of it a reasonable degree of care and skill. He does not undertake, if he is an attorney, that at all events you shall win your case, nor does a surgeon undertake that he will...

Statutory Redundancy Payments

What do you do if your employer closes down, you are made redundant, and your employer either can’t or won’t pay you the redundancy pay that you’re owed? In these circumstances you can apply to the National Insurance Fund to pay either the whole or part of the...

TUPE and the Transfer of Undertakings

TUPE is shorthand for the Transfer of Undertakings (Protection of Employment) Regulations 2006. What this act does is protect employee’s rights when the business they work for is sold or transferred to a new owner. Employees of the business, when the firm changes...

Does an employment contract have to be in writing?

An employment contract is no different from any other contract in that most do not have to be in writing to be legally valid and enforceable. If you are offered employment, accept and then start work a valid contract has been created between you and your employer even...
Third-Party Dismissals

Third-Party Dismissals

What happens if you are an employer and a third-party demands that you dismiss one of your employees? This situation may well arise if you are supplying workers under a service contract and are told by your customer that you will lose the contract unless you remove...

read more
Stress at Work

Stress at Work

Work can be stressful, but sometimes it is unduly so. Where a workload and demands placed by an employer on an employee are excessive, there is a duty upon that employer to take action to remedy the situation. If they do not do so, the employee may be entitled to...

read more
Lies, White Lies and Your CV

Lies, White Lies and Your CV

In a competitive jobs market, people tend to think ‘does a little white lie in my CV matter if it helps me get the job?’. The answer to this is that it very well could, and the consequences could very well be serious. Your CV may well be a critical document when the...

read more

Property Law

How to Avoid (or at Least Delay) Mortgage Repossession

If you are facing repossession, realistically assess whether you are able to keep your home. When you have missed some mortgage payments, or you think you will soon, it’s time to face what’s probably the tough question: can you afford to keep your house? Apart from...

Tenancy Deposit Protection Scheme

Landlords or their agents who take a deposit from a tenant must have that deposit protected under one of two schemes: A custodial scheme - this is where the deposit is held in an approved scheme during the deposit, and will continue to be held if any legal dispute...

Rights of Ways and Easements

An easement is a right to use another person’s property for a stated purpose. A type of easement can be a right of way that someone has over another person’s property. There are 4 main types of easements that are recognised rights: Rights of way Easements of support...

Abandoned Goods

Abandoned goods What are you to do if someone has left their property with you or on your premises and do not remove it although you have asked them to do so. This is a problem often facing landlords when a tenant moves out leaving some of their possessions behind...

Freehold or Leasehold

Freehold and leasehold are two different types of property ownership in the UK. Anyone considering buying a property here will need to know the meanings of both terms, as there are considerably different obligations and privileges bestowed upon the owner in each....
Enforcement of Judgment

Rights of Ways and Easements

An easement is a right to use another person’s property for a stated purpose. A type of easement can be a right of way that someone has over another person’s property. There are 4 main types of easements that are recognised rights: Rights of way Easements of support...

Enforcement of Judgment

I have issued my Claim-What next?

Once you have issued your claim, within 14 days of receiving (being ‘served’ with) your particulars of claim, the defendant must send to the court (called ‘filing’) either: If you issued your claim through money claim on line you will be able to access there. an...

Enforcement of Judgment

Freehold or Leasehold

Freehold and leasehold are two different types of property ownership in the UK. Anyone considering buying a property here will need to know the meanings of both terms, as there are considerably different obligations and privileges bestowed upon the owner in each....

Inheritance Law

Unclaimed Assets

At a conservative estimate, there is around £15 billion of assets left in the estates of deceased people which remains unclaimed. There may be a number of reasons for this and why it has not been possible for money to be paid to those entitled under a Will. Amongst...

Inheritance Tax

Inheritance tax is payable when a person’s estate (their property and possessions) is worth more than £325,000 when they die. Inheritance Tax of 40% is payable on anything over this amount. The rate may be reduced to 36% if more than 10% of the estate is left to...

Loss of a Partner. Who Can Claim?

Nasty shocks can be in store for cohabitees when one of the partners dies without making a will. The late partner’s estate will not automatically pass to them in the absence of a will made in favour of the survivor. The rules of intestacy will be applied, which will...

Powers of Attorney

A power of attorney is simply a written confirmation of an agreed arrangement in which one person ('the donor') gives another person ('the attorney') authority to act on their behalf and in their name. The power of attorney confers upon the attorney an authority to do...

Appointing a Guardian

Parents with young children should always consider who will look after their children if they are unable to do so themselves and appoint a Guardian for their children to ensure that they are looked after by a suitable person in the event of their death or serious...
Joint and Mutual Wills. Pros and Cons.

Joint and Mutual Wills. Pros and Cons.

What is a joint Will   A joint Will is a single Will made by two people which deals with the estates of both of them. Usually it will leave everything to the other on the first death and then to agreed beneficiaries on the death of the survivor.   Mutual or...

read more
Who Can Decide Where You End Up?

Who Can Decide Where You End Up?

Most people when making their will include a statement of their wishes as to what they would like to be done with their 'mortal remains'. They might say that they wish to be buried, cremated, or even sometimes buried at sea or to have their ashes scattered at a...

read more
When to Change Your Will

When to Change Your Will

It's time to write a new will if you're experiencing a big change in your life, such as moving, getting married or divorced, moving in with a new partner, or bringing a new baby into the family. Your will should be tailored to your current family and financial...

read more